Reflection on some instructional strategies (Digital projects of past students of PIDP)

1-E – Learning, By Emmaleigha_Munro  |  Updated: June 10, 2015, 2:19 p.m.

In this Powtoon video, Emmaleigha  introduces the E-Learning as a relatively new strategy, from 1999, which has grown  rapidly. The most important factors which are regarded as pros for this strategy are access,  being  low cost and  encourages student to be self- directed learner , however some cons such as technology issues, lack of  control , and individual needs of learner  should be considered. As a whole, I think E-learning has been very successful  strategy particularly in recent years and  there is an increasing trend toward using this learning environment around the world.

2-Problem- Based Learning,  

This strategy which has been established by the educational thoughts of John Dewey, is recognized as  a student-centered strategy and has several steps:

1-Arrange the students in group

2-Students will decide who will be the facilitator and who is the note taker

3-instructor reviews the rules and etiquette of participation in a group

4-Student will discuss and clarify the problem and its variables

5- Students brain storm based on their knowledge and the research they need to do

6-creating an action plan and search for solution in various resources

7- students share their acquired knowledge to each other

8-Students discuss until a solution is acceptable by all members

I believe this strategy is most beneficial for problems that students will face to  in real life situation and  in discipline such as economy and social sciences are most practical.

3- Case Studies,By tyersb  |  Updated: May 27, 2014, 4:24 p.m.

This strategy is useful for teaching in many subjects where the  real life scenario are presented and they should to be challenging, engaging, authentic, and  realistic because they promote critical thinking. The role of educator is explaining the case and giving information and learners need to reconstruct the information and find the best way to help the cases. This technique is very common in medical education and there are a lot of case studies sample in their textbooks.

4-Simulation, by Nik. Brushta

This strategy is based on the real life scenarios and how students react in same situation that they already have learned in their curriculum. In this strategy some consideration are needed such as: prebrief, curriculum integration, realistic setting, repetitive practice,learning outcome and level of difficulty. A lot of pros  are accompanied  with this technique such as deep learning, accommodation for all students, confidence, hands on training , easy for giving feed back by instructors, and some cons including, cost, faculty time, environment fidelity. In medical education particularly whenever we need hands-on training this technique is such a positive an effective tool  even these days many of laboratory techniques are taught by this strategy.

5-Demonstration, by Elain Baird, March 2011

In this strategy which is used in many subjects such as science corporate with the lab materials , cooking , and computer training the instructor make a model for learners to observe him/her and learn. The limitation is that this is a passive strategy for learners and advantages would be they can see an expert(instructor ) who performs this task. I think it would be a good strategy if it followed by doing practice by students in next step.

6-Lecture, by Sheena Svitich, March 2011

Sheena says, the most common way  in lecturing is  using of power point presentation. this technique is useful when you decide to teach some facts and basic skills , also if you have a good oral presentation ability, furthermore humans have tendency to listen ready-made something, you have a large group of students and limited time. To enhance the efficacy of this technique you need to implement some other techniques , mix instruction, use of audiovisual tools and engage your students in the class by various techniques such as taking note, asking question, and so on…

In the discipline of anatomy educators have to use this technique, so they need to implement all the techniques for presenting an interactive and effective lecture.




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